Author - Darwin Podiatry

What are Shin Splints?

Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome Shin splints is the umbrella term to cover a variety of pathologies that affect the shin bone (the tibia). Nearby tendons and connective tissue can cause shin related pains, but the medical terminology for shin splints is medial tibial stress syndrome. Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome (MTSS) is a common injury specific to those who exercise. It occurs due to excessive muscular traction of the tibial periostium by the calf muscles (tibialis posterior, flexor digitorum longus and soleus)....

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What Causes Heel Pain?

Plantar fasciitis is a common cause of heel pain. It usually involves pain at the plantar fascia where it attaches to the heel bone (1). This fascia naturally stretches during standing and walking. The fascia can only stretch so far, but if the tension continues to increase within the fascia, it stiffens. (3) Under normal circumstances, the plantar fascia acts like a shock absorber for your foot, but, if the tension on the plantar fascia exceeds the limits of the...

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Ankle Injury Prevention

There are many ways to injure an ankle, but the most common is an ankle sprain. With many injuries focus tends to be on cure rather than prevention. Here are some ways you can help prevent or reduce the risk of ankle injury:   Strengthen Your Ankles: Building up ankle strength helps to prevent ankle injuries by increasing the amount of load the ankle can take before injury. Activities called proprioception help to build ankle stability and strength. Proprioception is the act of...

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Lateral Ankle Sprains

The ligaments surrounding the ankle joints provide passive stability, limiting range of movement to provide the necessary stability required. The ligaments run from bone to bone. Injury to the lateral ankle is usually a combination of plantar flexion (toes pointed) with inversion (foot rolling inwards). Damage occurs when the force applied to the ligaments exceeds their ability to absorb and withstand the force – thus resulting in tissue damage. Ankle sprains are graded from 1-3 depending on how much damage occurs...

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What Do Sore, Tight Calves Mean?

Sore, Tight Calves- Causes and Treatment Calf pain is a common occurrence for athletes, especially in the older runner. Patients may often describe their calves as ‘tight’ or ‘stiff’, and may / may not have previous history of a calf injury. A common presentation to Darwin Podiatry is when the patient describes a tightness that develops with prolonged running, and often gets wore with continued running. In order to reduce the ‘tightness’ the patient will often need to stop and stretch in...

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Common Lower Limb Problems in School Aged Children

Common Problems in School Aged Children: Returning to school can often highlight problems with the lower limb of your child. You might notice new bumps or lumps on the soles of your child's foot, or they might begin to complain of pain in their legs or feet after activity. Below are some common problems we treat in school aged children. Warts: a wart, also known as a verruca, occurs when the human papillomavirus (HPV) virus can enter the skin. Warts can be...

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Qualities That Make A Good Shoe

It can often be a daunting prospect to choose new shoes for children, for school and sport. There are so many options! Not only do the shoes have to fit properly (see our post on Buying School shoes) they have to look good, feel comfortable and be up to the schools standards. Active children are especially hard on shoes, which may see shoes wear quicker than expected. In order to get the most out of your children’s shoes, you need to...

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Top Tips for Buying School Shoes

Top Tips for Buying School Shoes With a new school year beginning, and the children of Darwin returning to the classroom, many parents and guardians will be shopping for new shoes. It can be a daunting task! Here are Darwin Podiatry's top tips to remember when buying new school shoes: Ensure your child’s feet are measured correctly for the width and length of the shoe. A shoe should follow the foot’s natural curve around the toes. Ensure there is enough room at the...

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