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Foot Cramps

Foot Cramps

What is a Foot Cramp?

Foot cramps are caused by painful, intense, involuntary spasms of the muscles. They can happen while you are blissfully sleeping in bed, slipping into a pair of sandals or pointing your toes in a Pilates class. They most commonly occur in the arch of the foot, toes or the calf muscles. Foot cramps are usually accompanied by sharp, intense pain and the muscle may feel knotted. They may last for just a few seconds, or may continue on and off for a few days. Toe cramps may cause the toes to curl over each other.

Causes of Foot Cramps:

Dietary Deficiencies: A lack of vitamins and minerals in the body are common causes for cramping.

  • Calcium: Helps transmit nerve impulses to the muscle cells allowing the muscles to contract and relax normally
  • Vitamin D: Helps to absorb calcium and magnesium
  • Magnesium: A lack of magnesium locks calcium and sodium ions into the muscle, preventing it from contracting.
  • Vitamin B6: Essential for nervous system function.
  • Potassium: Plays a key role in skeletal and smooth muscle contraction, making it important for normal digestive and muscular function
  • Vitamin E: Important for the production of red blood cells. It increases the red blood cell’s ability to carry oxygen to the muscles

Dehydration: We’re constantly losing water from our bodies, primarily via urine and sweat. The body is made up of approximately 60% water. Sweating reduces the levels of calcium, potassium, and magnesium.

Poor Vascular Supply: Poor blood supply to the feet (peripheral vascular disease) can cause cramping.

Tight and Weak Foot Muscles: Inflexible and weak muscles in the feet can fatigue and lead to spasm.

Treatment:

  • Address any dietary deficiencies such as vitamin D, B6, E, calcium, potassium and Magnesium
  • Getting at least 15 minutes of sunlight a day helps prevent alack of vitamin D.
  • Ensure you are getting adequate levels of B6 and vitamin E in your diet.
  • Eat a diet rich in leafy greens, salmon and almonds.
  • Keep hydrated with a daily intake of 2L water.
  • Your podiatrist will recommend a visit to a vascular specialist if there is suspected vascular disease.
  • Daily stretching is important

Call Darwin Podiatry on 8941 9955 to make an appointment to see a Podiatrist today, if you would like further information about the health of your lower limbs.

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You can select both clinics according to your preference.
You can select both clinics according to your preference.